The miners and farmers began moving into Big Smoky Valley in the 1860s.
In 1905, that yellow stuff called gold was discovered on the west slope of the Toquima Range.
Early in 1906 when more substantial amounts of high-grade ore were discovered the town of Round Mountain was built. The population even jumped to 400 by the mid 1907. Daily stages were running between Round Mountain and Tonopah. Then by 1909 the town had hotels, stores, banks, a school, a library, and a hospital. Mining has been its main industry all these years.